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Research Article |

The Nature and Dynamics of the Development of Russian-Turkish Relations in the Post-Soviet Period

The article examines the development of Russian-Turkish relations over the past 30years, the main aspects of geopolitical relations and, in particular, the conflicts in the South Caucasus and adjacent regions. The authors believe that the key ones are the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and the 44-day war unleashed by Azerbaijan in 2020, the Georgian-Abkhazian conflict and the five-day Georgian-South Ossetian war, as well as the Ukrainian crisis, the Libyan and Syrian conflicts, in which Moscow and Ankara have different interests. Russia and Turkey consider conflicts as an important means of establishing influence in the region and use them to ensure the desired course of events in the region. The analysis of the above-mentioned conflicts is of key importance from the point of view of the Russian-Turkish geopolitical competition, because their inflammation led to the start of the rearrangement of the spheres of influence in the region. Moreover, the new configuration of forces in the South Caucasus will largely depend on the outcome of the resolution of these conflicts. The authors identify the main patterns in the development of bilateral Russian-Turkish relations, which are characterized by a combination of confrontation, competition and cooperation. This study is based on comparative and empirical methods, as well as the method of system analysis. Тhe authors studied the materials of Russian and Turkish official sources, and also analyzed the primary conclusions in the publications of Russian, Turkish, Armenian and other foreign researchers who have studied individual stages and pages of the topic under study over the past thirty years. The study of monographs and articles by Russian-speaking, English-speaking, Turkic-speaking authors is done in the original languages. During the post-Soviet period Russia and Türkiye have gained a lot of experience in developing a common attitude towards political and ethnic conflicts. It is noteworthy that during these conflicts relations between Russia and Türkiye even in the event of confrontation, did not deteriorate below a certain acceptable level. In all cases military-political and diplomatic channels of communication operated forcing the parties to take into account the cardinal interests of each other.

Russia, Turkey, South Caucasus, Geopolitical Rivalry, Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict, Ukrainian Crisis

APA Style

Arshakyan, G. M., Safaryan, A. V. (2024). The Nature and Dynamics of the Development of Russian-Turkish Relations in the Post-Soviet Period. Journal of Political Science and International Relations, 7(1), 15-21.

ACS Style

Arshakyan, G. M.; Safaryan, A. V. The Nature and Dynamics of the Development of Russian-Turkish Relations in the Post-Soviet Period. J. Polit. Sci. Int. Relat. 2024, 7(1), 15-21. doi: 10.11648/j.jpsir.20240701.12

AMA Style

Arshakyan GM, Safaryan AV. The Nature and Dynamics of the Development of Russian-Turkish Relations in the Post-Soviet Period. J Polit Sci Int Relat. 2024;7(1):15-21. doi: 10.11648/j.jpsir.20240701.12

Copyright © 2024 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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